Panel 1: The red star in the sky is the planet Mars.
Gila Flats Test Base is the place of Dr. Manhattan’s origin – as we discover in the next chapter.
The Latin phrase on the sign, Per Dolorem ad Astra, means roughly –Through Sadness To The Stars. This would be a literal commentary on Dr. Manhattan’s current situation.
Panel 4: This scene will be repeated – both at this point in time and, as a mirror image, at a point before Jon Osterman became Dr. Manhattan.
Panel 5: Dr. Manhattan can see things at a quantum molecular level. The phrase above the photographs in the broken frame reads: “At play amidst the Strangeness and Charm.” A quark is a type of subatomic particle and a major constituent of matter. There are six types of quarks which are coupled into three pairs. One of these pairs is the charm-strange pair, signified by this phrase.